MEMBERS

Dr. Matthew Peros

Dr. Matthew Peros

Director of Laboratory

I am a broadly trained physical geographer working at the interface between the climatological, ecological, and archaeological sciences. My research seeks to answer fundamental questions within two broad areas: (1) what have been the driving forces behind climate and landscape change during the Late Quaternary? and (2), how has the natural environment constrained/provided opportunities for cultural and biological change? To address questions in these areas, I use a field- and laboratory-based approach, integrating information derived from geological (e.g., sedimentological, geochemical) and paleoecological (e.g., palynological) investigations with archaeological and paleontological data. At present, my regional specializations include eastern Canada and the Caribbean, although I have also worked in high-latitude (northern) environments.

Postdoctoral experience: Laboratory for Paleoclimatology and Climatology, University of Ottawa
PhD: Physical Geography, University of Toronto
MSc: Physical Geography, York University
BSc: Archaeological Sciences and Geography, University of Toronto

Current students

Sydney Moser

Sydney Moser

BSc candidate, Environmental Studies and Geography, Bishop’s University

I am in my fourth year of an undergraduate degree at Bishop’s in Environmental Science with a concentration in physics. I am excited to spend a semester working in the lab, analyzing sediment cores to better understand hurricane behaviour in the Caribbean, and to expand my knowledge and skills before continuing on to a master’s degree in a related field.

Martin Saint-Michel, P.Eng

Martin Saint-Michel, P.Eng

MSc candidate, Physics and Astronomy Department, Bishop’s University (co-supervised with Dr. Lorne Nelson, Physics and Astronomy Department)

Cycles and patterns in climate are my main interests. My perspective on the study of climate comes from the principles of physics and I like to study how the laws of nature interact to create what we observe in the real world. I am particularly interested in nature’s capacity to generate rapid radical changes in the climate. The self-similar patterns produced by pollen and other proxies and their relation to biodiversity trigger my curiosity.

Mercedes Liedtke

Mercedes Liedtke

MSc candidate, Geography, Environment and Geomatics, University of Ottawa (co-supervised with Dr. André Viau)

Currently, my master’s research is focusing on the investigation of climate impacts in the Caribbean during the Holocene. The specific project that I am undertaking involves the stable isotopic analysis of a speleothem from Western Cuba. With these results, a long-term precipitation record for Cuba will be constructed.

Felipe Matos Pupo

Felipe Matos Pupo

PhD candidate, Bishop’s University
Auxiliary Professor, University of Ciego de Avila, and Research Scientist, CIEC, Cuba

My research goals regarding climate change are to: (1) seek answers regarding the drivers that trigger climatic changes, focusing on the contribution of both anthropogenic and natural phenomena; (2) assess the connection between biological and sociocultural variations and environmental changes in the corresponding historical context, particularly the paleo-aboriginal one; (3) study the relations between climate change and meteorological hazards.

Fanny Lashcari

Fanny Lashcari

Montpellier SupAgro

I am a French engineering student in agronomy, specialized in the sustainable management of natural resources. Climate change and geology have always interested me. Thus, I am very glad to work in this lab and to contribute to understand landscape changes by studying the pollen present in the sediments near the Rio Cauto in eastern Cuba.

Claire O’Neill Sanger

Claire O’Neill Sanger

MSc candidate, Geography, Planning and Environment, Concordia University (co-supervised with Dr. Jeannine-Marie St-Jacques).

My core research interests are forest dynamics in Canada as well as environmental management and philosophy. My master’s research, under the co-supervision of Dr. Peros and Dr. St-Jacques, involves studying pollen from lake sediment cores in order to reconstruct forest changes over the past millennium in southern Québec. With the resulting paleo-environmental records we will attempt to determine if recent environmental variability is caused by global warming.

Research Associates

Joao Gabriel Martinez Lopez

Joao Gabriel Martinez Lopez

Museo Nacional de Historia Natural Cubana – project co-director

Prehistoric extinct mammal and human remains from a subaquatic cave in Cuba: a pilot project linking archaeology, paleontology, and the ancient environment – Matanzas, Cuba.

Anna Agosta G'meiner, MSc

Anna Agosta G'meiner, MSc

Research Associate

My research interests focus on the impacts of Quaternary climate change, particularly on vegetation, SLR, and human activity. Using palynology, and other paleoecological indicators, I reconstruct past environments and examine environmental changes through long timescales. Currently, I support the lab in various projects, including developing a pollen profile for a mire in northeastern China, as well as a macro charcoal record of a site in northern Cuba.

Past Members

Dr. Leeli Amon-Veskimeister
Postdoctoral Fellow, Bishop’s University

Leeli’s research focuses on vegetation dynamics, in particular, the functional and phylogenetic diversity of sedimentary pollen and plant macrofossil data. This is done by evaluating the methods and associations with past climate and human impact. She received a PhD from Tallinn University of Technology and Tartu University, and an MSc from Tartu University.

Dr. Shawn Collins
Postdoctoral Fellow, Bishop’s University

Shawn’s research focuses on karst topography and the sedimentary sequences recorded in anchialine caves and cenotes. Harsh limnological conditions promote conformable sedimentary records which can be utilized as a proxy for a number of geoscience and archaeological applications. His research focused on interpreting the ancient sedimentary record by studying the external forcing mechanisms which control sedimentation in these unique environments. He received a PhD and MSc degree from McMaster University.

Angela Lanza, BSc
Lab Technician, Bishop’s University

Angela was the research lab technician from 2014 to 2016. She carried out construction, maintenance, and operation of laboratory equipment, and followed and enforced safety procedures. Angie also supported research projects within the lab.

Past MSc and PhD Theses

Frank Oliva, PhD
University of Ottawa (co-supervised by Dr. André Viau)

My research involved paleoflood reconstructions through oxbow lake sediments. The study of these past extreme events will lead to a paleoclimatic reconstruction of the Outaouais region. Other research interests include paleoflood hydrology, hydrology, hydroclimatology, paleoclimatology, and GIS.

Anna Agosta G’meiner, MSc
McGill University (co-supervised by Dr. Gail Chmura)

My master’s research focused on investigating climate change impacts in the Caribbean region during the Holocene. A sediment core from a flooded sinkhole on Cayo Coco, Cuba was extracted and provided records of vegetation change, climate change, storm impacts, prehistoric human impacts on the environment, and sea level changes. Pollen analysis was the primary proxy developed to identify past changes in regional vegetation and to examine to what extent the Little Ice Age, the Medieval Warm Period, and human impacts recorded in other Caribbean locations are detectable in the pollen record.

Benjamin Marquis, MSc
Université de Sherbrooke (co-supervised by Dr. Mark Vellend)

The fundamental question that was the focus of my master’s research was: are species more sensitive to climate change at their distributional range limits than in the “center” of their ranges? To assess this question, I used dendroecological techniques (tree rings) to determine climate-growth relationships of sugar maple and birch trees along an altitudinal gradient at Mont Mégantic, southern Québec. As well, I tested whether tree growth increased in recent decades as a result of changes in climate. This research project will allow a quantitative test of the hypothesis that species at their distribution range limits are more sensitive to climate.

Honours Projects

Sydney Gilmour, 2017-2018
BSc and BA candidate, Ecology and Biodiversity and Environmental Studies and Geography, Bishop’s University (co-supervised with Dr. Jade Savage, Biology)
Investigating Influences of the Latitude Diversity Gradient on Taxa-Area Relationship for Modern Pollen Data

Mercedes Liedtke, 2016-2017
BSc, Bishop’s University
Oxygen and carbon isotopic analysis of foraminifera from Cenote Jennifer, Cayo Coco, Cuba

Ashley Parker, 2015-2016
BA, Bishop’s University
Sediment laminations from a flooded sinkhole on Cayo Coco, Cuba: implications for paleoclimatology

Jennifer Ward, 2014-2015
BA, Bishop’s University
Historic Human Impact at the Johnville Peat Bog Inferred from Pollen Data

Jamie Carroll, 2013-2014
BA, Bishop’s University
Late Holocene climate history of the Johnville Peat Bog using testate amoeba data

Benjamin Marquis, 2013-2014
BSc, Université de Sherbrooke
Tree-ring analysis of sugar maple on Mont Megantic, southern Quebec

Andrew Manouck, 2012-2013
BA, Bishop’s University
Tree-ring analysis of Picea mariana (black spruce) from the Johnville Peat Bog, Eastern Townships, Quebec

 

Research Assistants

Geetanjali Deole, summer 2017
Mitacs Globalink Research Internship
Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), India

Luís Guilherme Moreira da Silva, summer 2017
Mitacs Globalink Research Internship
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brazil

Chelsey Paquette, 2015-2016
BSc candidate, Life Sciences Biology- Ecology and Biodiversity
Bishop’s University

Kaitlyn Sjonnesen, summer 2014
BSc Biology, NSERC Undergraduate Student Research Award
Bishop’s University

Charles Parent-Moreau, summer 2014
BA Environmental Studies and Geography
Bishop’s University

Leila Ponsford, summers 2012 & 2013
BSc Chemistry and BEd, NSERC Undergraduate Student Research Award
Bishop’s University

 

Hayley Roberts, 2012-2013
BSc Biology
Bishop’s University

Julien Vachon, summer 2013
BSc Environmental Science
Bishop’s University

Jamie Carroll, summer 2013
BA Environmental Studies and Geography
Bishop’s University

Kathleen Chan, summer 2012
BSc Biology & B.A. Environmental Studies
Bishop’s University

Amelie Genovese, fall 2012
BA Environmental Studies
Bishop’s University

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